were taken for a new study in July 2015. After analyzing the HIV tests applied
to 666 Warao individuals, aged 15 to 50, from the 15 communities located in the
radius of the San Francisco de Guayo hospital (Guayo, Usidu, Ibute, Jobotoboto,
Jobure Island, Jobure de Guayo, Guayaboroina, Teikuburojo, Jeukubaka, Ibuiruina,
Murako, Kuamujo, La Mora, Merejina and Jabana de Merejina) belonging to Padre
Barral parish, the doctors found a prevalence of 7% (48 cases), which continues
to be higher than the estimated in Venezuela and in the rest of the
doctors also concluded that the communities with the highest prevalence of HIV
infection are Jobure de Guayo, Usidu and San Francisco de Guayo; that men are
more prone to infection than women and that the highest prevalence of HIV is
found in the 15 - 24 age group. Mortality of HIV infection in the last 8 years
is high and the prevalence of HIV infection in the studied communities has
persisted over the last 3 years.
the same time, the group that worked in the 11 communities located within the
radius of the Nabasanuka hospital (Arawabisi, Bamutanoko, Bonoina, Burojosanuka,
España, Kuarejoro, Kuberuna, Manakal, Nabasanuka, Siawani, Winikina) in the
Manuel Renaud parish, carried out the tests of HIV to 361 waraos from which 6
were positive (4 men and 2 women) for a prevalence of 1.69%. The figure is
significant considering that these are more remote communities that had
apparently been without any cases until 2012. It is also the first time that HIV
cases associated with TB (tuberculosis) have been detected in Manuel Renaud
parish, which means that people have both diseases, since having HIV makes them
more susceptible to acquire other illnesses.
weakens the immune system. According to the World Health Organization, "infected
patients are up to 50 times more likely to suffer from tuberculosis in their
lifetime". Not surprisingly, most TB cases in HIV-infected people are registered
again in sub-Saharan Africa, where 80% of TB patients are also likely to be
infected with HIV.
analyzing the results, the doctors determined: the highest HIV prevalence is
found in the age group between 22 and 50, most people with HIV (5) had made
trips outside their community and 4 reported having had contact with multiple
partners. As for the sexual tendency, 3 they said they were heterosexual, 1
homosexual and 2 bisexuals. None had tuberculosis.
communities with the highest HIV incidence were Nabasanuka (3 cases representing
5% prevalence), Burojosanuka (2 cases representing 6.6% prevalence) and
Bamutanoko (1 case representing 5.26%). They are strong evidence that what is
happening in the Orinoco Delta is an epidemic, and it's putting the survival of
an entire indigenous people at risk.
This report is the first of four installments conducted during the Diploma of
Investigative Journalism, which is offered by the Institute of Press and Society
(IPYS) in alliance with the Universidad Católica Andrés Bello